Open Access, Peer-reviewed

ISSN 2005-7571 (Online)
Volume 28, Number 1 (1/2021)
Review Article <page. 7-12 >
DOI : 10.22857/kjbp.2021.28.1.002

The Role of Mobility of Cognition and Emotion in Elderly : A Conceptual Review

Kayoung Kim, MD

Department of Geriatric Psychiatry, National Center for Mental Health, Seoul, Korea

Considering that the aged population increases and the mobility problem is pointed out as a factor that indisposes the quality of life, cognition, and mood, it is important to understand and evaluate the elderly's mobility. Factors that deteriorate mobility in the elderly include physical senility, various health changes including chronic diseases, polypharmacy as well as anticholinergics. Common mobility problems in old age are reduced gait speed, increased gait variability in walking length, careless walking, and frequent falls. Several studies have reported that decreased mobility and deterioration of gait can predict cognitive decline and emotional problems. Aerobic exercise, resistance exercise, and balance exercise are suggested as therapeutic interventions for mobility problems. Active correction for factors that reduce mobility in the elderly and prescribing physical activity can conserve the elderly's quality of life and help improve cognition and mood. There is a need for related research in the future.

Key words : Aged;Gait;Accidental falls;Cognition;Mood.


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