Open Access, Peer-reviewed

ISSN 2005-7571 (Online)
Volume 27, Number 2 (2/2020)
Original Article <page. 84-93 >
DOI : 10.22857/kjbp.2020.27.2.006

The Effect of Chronotype on Burnout among Shift and Non-Shift Workers: Mediation Effect of Depression and Stress Response Study

Sang-Gu Kang, MD1;Seo-Hyeon Choi, MD1;Chai-Won Lee, MS2;Sang-Eun Lee, BN2;Se-Ri Maeng, MD1;Ji-Sung Son, MD1;Hye-Young Kim, MD1;Jae-Nam Bae, MD1;Jeong-Seop Lee, MD1; and Won-Hyoung Kim, MD1;

1;Department of Psychiatry, Inha University Hospital, Incheon, 2;Department of Nursing, The Graduate School of Inha University, Incheon, Korea

Objectives : The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between the chronotype and the burnout, so we investigated the mediating effects of the mediators such as perceived stress, stress response, and depression.

Methods : Employees working at Incheon Customs conducted a mental health self-examination through the internet. Among them, 174 people who agreed to the mental health survey participated in the study. Participants completed questionnaires including Composite Scale of Morningness (CSM), Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Stress Response Inventory (SRI), Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS).

Results : Our results showed a higher degree of CES-D, SRI, exhaustion, and cynicism in evening and intermediate type compared to morning type, and a higher degree of professional efficacy in morning type compared to intermediate type. CSM was shown to have a direct effect on exhaustion and indirect effect through CES-D and SRI. CSM also had a direct effect on professional efficacy and had an indirect effect through the CES-D. However, CSM was found to have only indirect effects through the SRI for Cynicism.

Conclusions : In this study, individuals with evening type tend to experience a high degree of burnout (exhaustion, cynicism and professional efficacy) through the mediation effect of depression and stress response. Further study is necessary to reveal the effect of management of the depression and stress response in the employee with evening type.


Key words : Burnout;Chronotype;Depression;Stress response;Mediation effect study.

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