ISSN 1225-8709 (Print)
ISSN 2005-7571 (Online)
Volume 25, Number 4 (4/2018)
Original Article <page. 110-7 >

Depression in Schizophrenia Patients with Tardive Dyskinesia

Seongjae Cha, MD1;Keun Oh, MD1;Misuk Kim, MA1;Seon-Cheol Park, MD*2; and Young Hoon Kim, MD*1;

1;Department of Psychiatry, Gongju National Hospital, Gongju, 2;Department of Psychiatry, Inje University Haeundae Paik Hospital, Busan, Korea

Objectives : This study aimed to investigate the relationship between depressive and anxiety symptoms and tardive dyskinesia (TD) and reveal the association of cognitive function and TD in patients with schizophrenia.

Methods : We recruited 30 schizophrenia patients with TD and 31 without TD from a national mental hospital in South Korea. To assess depressive and anxiety symptoms, the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) were conducted. Using the five-factor structure of the BDI-II and BAI, somatic anxiety, cognitive depression, somatic depression, subjective anxiety, and autonomic anxiety were assessed. Computerized neurocognitive function test (CNT) was performed to assess levels of cognitive functions. We compared the clinical characteristics, levels of cognitive functions, and depressive and anxiety symptoms between schizophrenia patients with TD and without TD. Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, independent t-test and Mann Whitney U test were conducted to compare two groups. Pearson correlation analysis was conducted to evaluate relationships among the abnormal involuntary movement scale (AIMS), BDI-II, BAI, somatic anxiety, cognitive depression, somatic depression, subjective anxiety, and autonomic anxiety.

Results : The subjects with TD had significantly lower score on the cognitive depression than those without TD (t = -2.087, p = 0.041). There were significant correlations between the AIMS score and the BDI-II score (r = -0.386, p = 0.035) and between the AIMS score and cognitive depression score (r = - 0.385, p = 0.035).

Conclusions : Our findings suggest the inverse relationship between severities in TD and depression and support the assumption that there is an inverse relationship between the pathophysiology of TD and depression.


Key words : Anxiety;Depression;Schizophrenia;Tardive dyskinesia.

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